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Prophet’s (PBUH) marriage with the nine-years-old Aisha! part 2

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Prophet’s (PBUH) marriage with the nine-years-old Aisha! part 2

part 1

Disproving the historical doubt about Prophet’s (PBUH) marriage with the nine-years-old Aisha – Part 2

Ibn Hajar al Asqalani writes down:

Asma- the daughter of Abu-Bakr, wife of Zubair-ibn-Awam which was one of the greatest companions, lived for hundred years and passed away in the year of 73 or 74 after Hegira. (1)

andHisham-ibn-Urwa quoted from his father: “Asma reached the age of 100 without anyone of her teeth to be lost or her mind to be weakened” and quotes Abu-No’aymal-Isbahani: “She was born 27 years before Hegira.” (2)

Ibn Abd-al-Bar al-Qurtubi writes down:

Asma passed away in the month of Jamadi-al-Awal of the year 73 H. in Mecca, after the death of her son Abdullah-ibn-Zubair. Ibn-Ishaq writes down: “Asmathe daughter of Abu-Bakrconverted to Islam after 17 people had converted and she died in the age of 100.” (3)

Al-Safadi writes down:

Asma passed away a little after the death of her son Abdullah-ibn-Zubair in 73 H. His father, son and husband were among the companions and it narrated that she live for hundred years. (4)

And Bayhaqi narrates that Asma was ten year older than Lady Aisha:

Ibn-Mandih quotes from Ibn-abi-al-Zinad that Asma- the daughter of Abu-Bakr was 10 years older than Lady Aisha. (5)

AndDhahabiand ibn-Asakir has narrated the same: Abdurrahman-ibn-abi-al-Zinad said that Asma was 10 years older than Lady Aisha. (6)

Ibn-abi-al-Zinad said that “Asma was ten years older than Aisha.” (7)

Ibn-Kathir-al-DamishqiSalafi writes down in his book “The Beginning and the End”:

Among the people who died in the year of 73 in Mecca with Abdullah-ibn-Zubair was … Asmathe daughter of Abu-Bakr who was the mother of Abdullah-ibn-Zubair …, she was 10 years older than her sister Lady Aisha, and she died while none of her teeth were lost and she was in sound mind. (8)

Mulla-Ali-Qari writes down:

Asma was 10 years older than her sister Aisha, and she passed away 10 days after her son being killed, she was 100 years old and none of her teeth were lost and her mind was perfect. Her death was in the year of 73 H. (9)

And Amir Sanani writes down:

Asma was 10 years older than Aisha and she died less than a month after the death of her son, in the age of 100. It happened in the year of 73 H. (10)

So Asma was 14 in the year of the call to prophethoodof Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and she was 10 years older than Aisha, so Aisha was four years old in the year of thecall to prophethoodof prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and she was 17 in the thirteenth year after the call to prophethood(at the time of her marriage with the Prophet (PBUH) and she was 19 in the month of Shawwal of the second year after Hegira (her entrance to the house of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)).

On the other hand, Asma was 100 years old in 73 H. so she was 27 years old in the first year after Hegira.

Asma was 10 years older than Aisha, so Lady Aisha was 17 years old in that time.

So Aisha was 17 years old in the first year after Hegira. We previously proved that the Prophet (PBUH) married her in the second year after Hegira; It means that Aisha was 19 years old when she married the Prophet (PBUH).

In which year did Aishaconverted to Islam?

Another way to calculate the age of Aisha when she married the Prophet (PBUH) indicates the year in which she converted to Islam. According to great scholars of Sunnis, Aisha believed in Islam in the first year after the call to prophethoodand she was among the first 18 people who accepted the call to the Prophet (PBUH).

Al-Nuwawi writes down in “Tahdhib-al-Asma”:

Ibn-Qaithamyyaquotes in his book from ibn-Ishaq that Aishaconverted to Islam in his childhood after 18 people. (11)

AndMuqadasi writes down:

Among the people who preceded in convertingto Islam were: Abu-UbaidaJarrah, …, and from women Asmathe  daughter of bint-Umais who was the wife of Jaafar-ibn-abiTalib …, and Aisha was a child at that time. They believed in Islam, during three years from the call to prophethoodof the Prophet (PBUH) in which the Prophet called the people to faith in secret and before the Prophet entered to house of Arqam-ibn-abi-al-Arqam. (12)

Ibn-Hisham names Aisha among the people who converted to Islam in the first year after the call to prophethood, while she was a child.

Asma and Aisha, two daughters of Abu-Bakrconverted to Islam and Aisha was a child at that time, … (13)

If Aisha was 7 years old (in the first year after the call to prophethood), so he would be 22 in the 2nd year after Hegira (when she entered the house of the Prophet(PBUH)).

If we accept the word of Baladharithat Aisha married the Prophet (PBUH) four years after the marriage of  Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) with Lady Suda, i.e. the year 4 H., hence Aisha was 24 years old when she married the Prophet (PBUH).

This figure may change according to the age of Aisha when she converted to Islam.

Thus, the marriage of Aisha with Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the age of 6 or 9 is just a lie fabricated by Umayyids and does not correspond with historical facts.

References

  1. Al-Asqalani al-Shafei, Ahmad-ibn-Ali-ibn-HajarAbulfadhl (D. 852), “Taqrib-al-Tadhhib”, Vol. 1, p. 743, edited by Muhammad Awwama, Dar-al-Rashid-Syria Publication, First publication, 1986.
  2. Al-Asqalani al-Shafei, Ahmad-ibn-Ali-ibn-HajarAbulfadhl (D. 852), “al-Isaba fi-al-Tamyiz –al Sahaba”, Vol. 7, p. 487, edited by Ali Muhammad Elijawi, Dar-al-Jail Beirut Publication, First publication, 1992.
  3. Al-Namri al-Qurtubi, Abu Umar Yusuf-ibn-Abdullah-ibn-Abd-al-Bar, (D. 463 H.), The Comprehensive Compilation of the Names of the Prophet’s Companions”, Vol. 4, pp. 1782-1783, edited by Ali Muhammad Elijawi, Dar-al-Jail Beirut Publication, First publication, 1412 H.
  4. Al-Safadi, Salah-al-ddinKalil-ibn-Eibek (D. 764 H.), “Al-Wafi bi al Wafiat”, Vol. 9, p. 36, edited by Ahmad al-Irnaout and Turki Mustafa, Dar Ihyar al-Turath Publication, Beirut, 2000.
  5. Al-Bayhaqi, Ahmad-ibn-al-Husain-ibn-Ali-ibn-Musa Abu-Bakr (D. 458 H.), “Al-Sunan al-Kubra”, Vol. 6, p. 204, Maktiba Dar al-Baz Publication – Holy Mecca, edited by Muhammad Abdulqadi Ata, 1994.
  6. Al-dhahabi, Shams-al-ddin Muhammad –ibn-Ahmad-ibn-Uthman, (D. 748 H.), “The Lives of Noble Figures”, Vol. 2, p. 289, edited by Shuaib al-Irnaout, Muhammad No’aymal-Arqasusi, al-Risala institute Publication, Beirut, Ninth publication, 1413 H.
  7. Ibn Asakir al-Damishqi al-Shafei, abi-al-Ghasim Ali-ibn-al-Hassan-ibn-al-Hibatullah-ibn-Abdullah, (D. 571 H.), “The History of Damascus and its Merits”, edited by Muhab-al-ddinabi-Saeed Umar-ibn-Karama al-Umari, Dar-ul-Fikr Publication, Beirut, 1995.
  8. Ibn-Kathir al-Damishqi, Ismail-ibn-Umar al-Qurashiabu-al-Fidhaa, “The Beginning and the End”, Vol. 8, pp. 345,346, Maktiba –al-Maaraf Publication -Beirut.
  9. Mulla Ali al-Qari, Ali-ibn-Sultan Muhammad al-Hiravi, “Mirqat-al-MafatihSharhMishkat al-Masabih”, Vol. 1, p. 331, editedby Jamal Eitani, Dar-al-Kutub al-Elmia Publication – Lebanon/Beirut, First publication, 2001.
  10. Al-Sanaani, Muhammad-ibn-Ismail (D. 852 H.), Subul-al-Salam SharhBulugh al-Maram min Adillat-ul-Ahkam”, Vol. 1, p. 39, edited by Muhammad AbdulAziz al-Khuli, Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi Publication – Beirut, Fourth publication, 1379 H.
  11. Al-Nawawi, Abu-ZakariaYahya-ibn-Sharif-ibn-Marri, (D. 676 H.), “Tahdhib-al-Asmawal-Lughat”, Vol. 2, p. 615, Dar-la-Nashr – Beirut, First publication, 1996.
  12. Al-Mughadasi, Mutahhar-ibn-Tahir (D. 507 H.), “Al-Bad’e v-al-Tarikh”, Vol. 4, p. 146, Maktiba al-Thiqafat Publication –al-Diniah – Bur Saeed.
  13. Al-Hamirial-Muafiri, Abdul-Malik-ibn-Hisham-ibn-Ayubabu-Muhammad (D. 213 H.), “Al-Sirah al-Nabawwiah”, Vol. 2, p. 92, edited by AbdurraufSaad, Dar-al-Jail Publication, First publication, Beirut, 1411 H.

 

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