Miracles of the Quran: The mystery in Iron
Iron is one of the elements highlighted in the Quran. In Surah Al-Hadid meaning iron were informed.
And we sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind. (Surah Al-Hadid 25)
The word sent down particularly used for iron in the verse. Could be sort of having metaphorical meaning to explain that iron is given to the service of people? But when we take into consideration that literal meaning of the word which is being physically sent down from the sky we realize that this verse implies a very significant scientific miracle. This is because modern astronomical findings have disclosed that the metal of iron found in our world has come down from giant stars in out space. The heavy metals in the universe are produced in the nucleus of the big stars. Our solar system, however, does not have a suitable structure to produce iron its own. Iron can only be produced in much bigger stars than the Sun where the temperature reaches a few hundred million degrees. When the amount of iron exceeds a certain level in the star, the star can no longer bare it, and eventually it explodes in super nova. As a result of this explosion it scatters around the universe and they move through the void until attracted by the gravity of the . This fact shows that the iron did not form on the earth that was carried from exploded stars in the space and was sent down to the earth exactly the same way said in the verse. It is clear that this fact could not have been scientifically known in the 7th century. In addition the 25th verse of surah Al-Hadid which refers to iron includes two interesting mathematical codes. Surah Al-hadid is the 57th surah in the Quran. The numerical value of the word Al-Hadid in Arabic in other words is ABJAD is the same number 57. The numerical value of the word Hadid alone is 26. And 26 is the atomic number of iron.
The proportion of the rain
In the verse of the Quran the fecundating characteristic of the winds and the formation of rain as a result are mentioned.
And we sent the fecundating winds, then cause the water to descend from the sky, therewith providing you with water in abundance.
In this verse it is pointed out that the first stage formation of rain is wind. Until the beginning of the 20th century the only relationship between the wind and rain there was known was the winds driving the clouds. However modern metrological findings have demonstrated the fecundating role of the winds in the formation of the rain. This fecundating function of the wind works in the following way. On the surface of oceans and seas condenses air bubble because of forming the action. The moment these bubble burst thousands of tiny particles with a diameter one hundred of millimeter thrown to the air. These particles known as aerosols mix with dust carried from land by winds and are carried to upper layers of the atmosphere. These particles carried to high by winds come in to contact with water vapor up there. Water vapor condenses around these particles and turns into water droplets. These water droplets first come together and form clouds. And then fall in the air in form of rain. As seem winds fecundate the water vapor floating in the air with the particles they carry from the seas. And eventually help the formation of rain clouds. If winds did not possess this property, water droplets in the higher atmosphere would never form and there would be no such thing as rain. The most important point here is that this critical role of the winds in the formation of rain is stated centuries ago in a verse of the Quran, at the time people knew very little about natural phenomena.
Another fact given in the Quran about rain is that it is sent down on the earth in due measure. This is mentioned in Surah Al-Zukhruf as follows:
It is He who sends down water in due measure from the sky by which We bring a dead land back to life. That is how you too will be arised (from dead) (Surah Al-Zukhrof 11)
This measure in rain has again been discovered by the modern research. It is estimated that in one second approximately 16 million tons of water evaporate from the earth. This figure amount to 513 trillion tons of water in on year. This number is equal to the amount of rain that falls in a year. This means the water continuously circulate in balanced cycle according to a measure.
Life on the earth depends on this water cycle. Even if people had used all the technology in the world, not be able to produce this cycle artificially. Even a minor deviation in this amount would end the life on the earth. Yet this never happens and rain keeps falling every year in exactly the same amount.
The seas’ not mingling with one another
One of the properties of the seas that was very recently discovered is related as a verse as follows:
He has let loose the two seas, converging together, with a barrier between them they do not break through. (Surah Ar-Rahman 19-20)
This property of the seas that converge together yet do not mingle with one another at all has been very recently discovered by oceanography. Because of a physical force that is called surface tension the water in neighboring seas do not mix. Cause by the different in the density of the seas surface tension prevent the seas for mingling one another just as if a thin wall between them. The interesting side of it is that during of the period when people had no knowledge of physics, surface tension, or oceanography this was revealed in the Quran.